- Brazil, which has a population of more than 209 million, has reported more than 91,000 confirmed cases of COVID-19, and at least 6,300 deaths from the virus.
- Brazil’s president, Jair Bolsonaro, has downplayed the virus for weeks, and even encouraged protesters calling for state-issued lockdowns to be lifted.
- The country has yet to hit its peak in COVID-19 cases, and experts worry that the case count and death count could be much higher than reported.
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Brazil is facing an extreme surge in COVID-19 cases after the government left the virus to spread virtually uncontrolled for weeks, all while the country’s president mocked stay-at-home policies and pushed against directives from the World Health Organization.
As of Friday evening, Brazil, which has a population of 209 million, had 91,589 confirmed cases of COVID-19, and 6,329 deaths from the virus, according to Johns Hopkins data. That makes the country’s per capita death rate 3.02 deaths per 100,000 people.
Experts told the Associated Press that the numbers of cases and deaths could be much higher because Brazil does not yet have widespread testing.
Since the novel coronavirus started to spread across the world, countries have issued lockdowns, stay-at-home orders, and curfews to help contain outbreaks. Even Sweden, which has left restaurants, schools, and public spaces open, has urged its residents social distance and stay home when necessary.
But in Brazil, there’s an alarmingly relaxed approach from the country’s president, Jair Bolsonaro — the only stay-at-home orders in place have been issued by governors, borders are still open, and there are very few country-wide quarantine regulations.
Brazil’s president has downplayed the novel coronavirus pandemic for weeks
Bolsonaro has downplayed the coronavirus pandemic for weeks and even encouraged protesters who pushed against lockdown measures put in place by 25 out of the country’s 27 governors.
Across the country, cities are facing the bleak realities of the virus that experts say is still weeks from the peak.
Manus, the capital of the state of Amazonas, has started creating mass graves for COVID-19 victims, and funeral homes fear they’ll run out of wooden coffins in days. In Rio de Janeiro, images posted on Twitter showed bodies lined up outside a hospital because the morgue was full.
Brazil’s extraordinarily low testing rate — at 32 times lower than the United States, which is still looking to ramp up its own testing, The Washington Post reports, — is so low that hospital patients and medical workers are not being tested for the virus.
According to the latest report from Pantheon Macroeconomics, an economic research consultancy firm, Brazil wasn’t hit hard by the virus until late March or early April, but the number of new cases is growing by the day.
Pantheon’s report suggested that Brazil’s surge in cases is likely a consequence of Bolsonaro’s “unhinged view of the virus.”
As Bolsonaro downplays the virus, he has also argued with governors over state-imposed lockdowns, and suggested the World Health Organization encouraged masturbation and homosexuality among children, according to the AFP.
Brazil’s neighbors are concerned about the country’s open borders
Brazil’s neighboring leaders have raised concern over the country’s approach to the virus.
In Paraguay, soldiers created a trench at the border to Brazil to prevent people from crossing over. In Uruguay, President Luis Lacalle Pou told the AP that Brazil’s reaction to the virus was sending “warning lights” to his administration.
Argentine President Alberto Fernández told local news outlets Saturday, according to AP, that he’s worried about the open borders.
“A lot of traffic is coming from Sao Paulo, where the infection rate is extremely high, and it doesn’t appear to me that the Brazilian government is taking it with the seriousness that it requires,” he said. “That worries me a lot, for the Brazilian people and also because it can be carried to Argentina.”
Sergio Davila, editor in chief of Brazilian newspaper Folha de S.Paulo, told the New Yorker that other branches of government are standing their ground against Bolsonaro, and that could help in the long run.
“The Supreme Court is doing its job. The Congress is doing its job. It is turning down a lot of exotic propositions from the executive,” he said. “The Supreme Court is doing the same. It is knocking down executive orders that are not democratic, such as the one I mentioned about overturning the power of the states. So the system of checks and balances is working. But you have to know that Brazil is a relatively new democracy, not like the United States. It’s under stress, but it is doing well so far. So I am optimistic. The press is doing a great job as well.”
Yet Bolsonaro seems unfazed by the death toll, The New York Times reported.
“So what? Sorry, but what do you want me to do?” he said this week. “My name is Messiah, but I can’t work miracles.”